Bonn Climate Change talks - step to Copenhagen

02 juny 2009 Bonn

NGOs and officials discuss Russian position at the Bann Climate Change talks.
As a result of pressure and efforts from Russian NGO-observers the Russian Delegation agrees to carry out a side event 01 of June 2009 during the Bonn
talks (28th Sessions of the UNFCCC Subsidiary Bodies and Sessions of the AWGs).
That gives a great opportunity to everyone to ask all the questions directly to the leading Russian negotiators (information from Andrey Ozharovskij, Ecodefense).

Bonn, 01.06.2009 .Russian side event

(Noted by Tomas Spenser, Greenpeace Germany)

Modeling of the Centre for Energy Efficiency, Georgy Safonov (Russian Delegation)
- predictions out to 2050 very difficult;
- under current technological conditions, Russia has renewable energy resources 15 times larger than current production of fossil fuels;
- for Russia, 2020 emissions growth of 20-25% below 1990 possible, under certain assumptions (low carbon russia scenario);
-post 2012 commitments and policy options need to be analyzed.

Yury Fedorov (National Carbon Fund): Position of Business
-100 JI projects submitted for approval, more than half of current projects;
- Russian business "active" on issues of eneregy efficiency;.
- coalition of Russian business called for targets of 20% - 30% with the banking of surplus AAUs (Assigned Amount Units (AAU) is one of the three measurements for measuring defined by the Kyoto Protocol as criteria for annex 1 countries to achieve emission reduction targets).

Aleksey Kokorin, WWF, Russia
- Russia is making very good decisions concerning energy efficiency and renewable energies, but very poor PR linking these to climate change.
- a third volume of the Roshydromet reports on the science behind
climate change and its impacts required, this must focus on the economic impacts of climate change.
- Climate Doctrine very good, because regional administrations and public now have a document to refer to, less unclarity about the stance of the government and on cc in general;
- In the international sphere it is poor, because it is very non concrete and contains no numbers.
- target of at least 25% possible up to 40% when favourable conditions for LULUCF and surpluss assigned amount units.
- Solutions to banking problem: allow Russia to bank, but forbid trading of this, allow russia to bank and use post 2020 as a buffer against the risk that Russia will not be able to reduce its emissions
post 2020.

Sergey Turlinov (Russian Delegation, Roshydromet)
- Russia sees tech transfer as crucial element of the Copenhagen deal, and envisages *binding commitments to tech transfer from developed countries to developing countries as a crucial part of the Copenhagen outcome *(why? how do they envisage this institutionally?

Georgy Safonov (Russian Delegation) on the sidelines

- Russian energy consumption down 10% in the first quarter, he expects a
reduction of emissions *by 10% *due to the crisis compared to a *no
crisis BAU *emissions growth. This means that Russia can be more
ambitious in setting its targets.

General Comments on Russia at the negotiations
- much more engaged than has been the case before;
- internal discussions on targets apparently heading toward -30% (can we believe this, see paper "On the Road to Copenhagen");
-making very clear that Russia will not accept an agreement that doesn't include the major developing countries;
- perhaps considering domestic target, and not signing the Copenhagen outcome (the USA approach);
- Russia very bad on LULUCF: suggests a self-defined bar approach with a band down to zero, which would allow countries to generate credits, and of count any emissions, /unless the LULUCF sector flipped from a net ink to a net source.
- According to Rosiemarie Bendorf, Russian sinks
negotiator but this needs to be picked up on at the heads of delegation level (can Germany play a role?);
- Russia pushing for definition of principles of burden sharing among Annex 1 countries.